Algebraic Methods for Counting Euclidean Embeddings of Rigid Graphs

Emiris, Ioannis Z. and Tsigaridas, Elias P. and Varvitsiotis, Antonios E. (2010) Algebraic Methods for Counting Euclidean Embeddings of Rigid Graphs. In: Graph Drawing 17th International Symposium, GD 2009, September 22-25, 2009 , pp. 195-200(Official URL:

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The study of (minimally) rigid graphs is motivated by numerous applications, mostly in robotics and bioinformatics. A major open problem concerns the number of embeddings of such graphs, up to rigid motions, in Euclidean space. We capture embeddability by polynomial systems with suitable structure, so that their mixed volume, which bounds the number of common roots, to yield interesting upper bounds on the number of embeddings. We focus on R2 and R3 , where Laman graphs and 1-skeleta of convex simplicial polyhedra, respectively, admit inductive Henneberg constructions. We establish the first general lower bound in R3 of about 2.52n , where n denotes the number of vertices. Moreover, our implementation yields upper bounds for n ≤ 10 in R2 and R3 , which reduce the existing gaps, and tight bounds up to n = 7 in R3 . Keywords: Rigid graph, Euclidean embedding, Henneberg construction, polynomial system, root bound, cyclohexane caterpillar.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: 10.1007/978-3-642-11805-0_19
Classifications: M Methods > M.100 Algebraic
G Algorithms and Complexity > G.560 Geometry

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