Graph Drawing by Stress Majorization

Gansner, Emden R. and Koren, Yehuda and North, Stephen (2004) Graph Drawing by Stress Majorization. In: Graph Drawing 12th International Symposium, GD 2004, September 29-October 2, 2004 , pp. 239-250(Official URL:

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One of the most popular graph drawing methods is based on achieving graph-theoretic target distances. This method was used by Kamada and Kawai [15], who formulated it as an energy optimization problem. Their energy is known in the multidimensional scaling (MDS) community as the stress function. In this work, we show how to draw graphs by stress majorization, adapting a technique known in the MDS community for more than two decades. It appears that majorization has advantages over the technique of Kamada and Kawai in running time and stability. We also found the majorization-based optimization being essential to a few extensions to the basic energy model. These extensions can improve layout quality and computation speed in practice.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: 10.1007/978-3-540-31843-9_25
Classifications: M Methods > M.400 Force-directed / Energy-based
P Styles > P.720 Straight-line

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